“El Nino” the Meteorological Phenomenon
This phenomenon happens when equatorial waters of Pacific have high temperatures. Clime experts warn that other places may be affected by aridity, fires and dramatics inrushes every 10 years. Probably you will need to take your glasses in before you are usually used to do it. Scientists think that 75% this year will be the hottest year. This is invoiced to the meteorological threatening phenomenon “El Nino” , that apparently will bring high temperatures to the atmosphere.
“El Nino” happens when equatorial waters of Pacific Ocean have high temperatures. This can change ocean drifts and indirectly winds in all over the globe affecting in this way the temperatures. German scientists think that they can now predict the consequences of this phenomenon. They hope that this prediction may help the countries to create better strategies to avoid or to face the possible collapse it may cause.
“El Nino” is usually predicted 6 months before it happens because other long run predictions have been wrong. Scientists have predicted this phenomenon analyzing water temperatures of Eastern Pacific. But as the temperature is affected by equatorial winds, the predictions have been limited in a 6 months period. Armin Bunde from “Justus Liebig University” in Giesen, Germany tested all the waters of Pacific and not only a specific area of this ocean.
Then they studied the relation that exists between the temperatures in “El Nino” area and the other part of Pacific waters. This method has clearly predicted the absence of the phenomenon during last two years and also it predicts with a 75% of assurance that “El Nino” will happen in the end of 2014. Tim Barnett from “Scripps” Institution of oceanography declared that the methods used to predict this phenomenon have become old. ‘The techniques used to predict it made me feel like I was in the early 1980”- said Barnett.
Countries can be affected by aridity
Others say that you need to think about sea physic or atmosphere and not only the statistics of temperatures. “The risk for an “El Nino” during second part of 2014 is increased, but we cannot assure it”-says Andrew Watkins, Australian clime scientist. Last month, another survey realized that during this year extreme weather affected also by different phenomena , including “El Nino”, is predicted to be double worse. Clime experts warn that other places may be affected by aridity, fires and dramatics inrushes every 10 years.
An international scientists group from ABC Center of Climatic System of Science (CoECSS), National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration of USA and CSIRO, noticed a relation between global incubation and strong phenomena as “El Nino”. They say that, now we will have an “El Nino” every ten years, not every 20 years as used to be before.